13 giugno 2012

The Copyright (amendment) Bill 2012

L'annosa questione dei diritti d'autore da riconoscere ai compositori indiani sembra sia giunta ad una conclusione positiva, grazie anche all'accorato discorso pronunciato qualche settimana fa alla Rajya Sabha (*) dal poeta, sceneggiatore e paroliere Javed Akhtar. Sino ad oggi, i compositori sono stati costretti a vendere ad un prezzo fisso le loro creazioni ai produttori dei film, senza dunque godere dei diritti d'autore. Qualche rara eccezione: Aamir Khan, in veste di produttore, ha preferito adottare una politica diversa. Ora le cose cambieranno. Leggiamo nell'articolo pubblicato da Box Office India: 'The Copyright (Amendment) Bill, 2012 has been passed by the Indian Parliament in May 2012. Once signed by the President and notified, it will bring some unprecedented changes in the [Copyright] law that governs the core transactions in the Media & Entertainment Industry. (...) It has been argued for decades that authors and performers should benefit from the commercial success of the works of their creation. Indian industry practice has been to compensate them in advance on a lump-sum basis. (...) The Bill carves out an exception for authors and composers whose works are incorporated in a film that despite being in a contract of service they will be the first owner of copyright. This protects the authors and composers in two ways: firstly, it gives authors  and composers bargaining power to trade in the works of their creation, and secondly, it protects them from tricky contracts where they did not intend to create such relationship. Now in-house employed authors and composers will be first copyright owners of their works and can demand royalty for their works. This amendment will have very interesting effect on other sectors. For instance, in the advertising world ad films (...) the creative persons who compose slogans, jingles and tunes for the advertisement film will be the first owner of copyright in their works despite them being employee of the agency of production team and as a consequence will be entitled to royalty every time the advertisement film is exhibited'.
(*) Consideriamo la Rajya Sabha di genere femminile, sperando non sia un errore